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aztec god quetzalcoatl

Quetzalcoatl is also called White Tezcatlipoca, to contrast him to the black Tezcatlipoca. He was also the patron god of the Aztec priesthood, of learning and knowledge, patron of priests, the inventor of the calendar and of books, and the protector of goldsmiths and other craftsmen. He is shown sometimes as a serpent and sometimes as a dark man with a red beak. His older brothers were Xipe Totec and Tezcatlipoca while his younger brother was Huitzilopochtli. Aztec mythology is the body or collection of myths of Aztec civilization of Central Mexico. He was worshiped among all the major cultures of the Mesoamerican region through history. The city of Cholula, in particular, was known for the importance it laid on the deity of the feathered serpent. Hernando Cortes , Spanish conquistador, attacking natives in Mexico. One such myth is that the Aztecs believed that Hernan Cortes, the leader of a band of conquistadors, was in fact a reincarnated deity by the name of Quetzalcoatl. Quetzalcóatl (pronounced: ketsalˈkoːaːtɬ in Nahuatl) is an Aztec sky and creator god. The power to have the traits and abilities of gods and goddesses from Aztec mythology. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'aztecsandtenochtitlan_com-banner-1','ezslot_7',361,'0','0']));He is further related to the gods of wind, with human sacrifice and to the morning star in the Aztec mythology. Quetzalcoatl was an important god throughout Mesoamerican history and societies and was not just related to the Aztecs. Quetzalcóatl became the god of the morning and evening star, and his temple was the centre of ceremonial life in Tula. Variation of Transcendent Physiology. Quetzalcóatl was the son of the primordial androgynous god Ometeotl. The feathered serpent, Quetzalcoatl. Circular temples were believed to please Ehécatl because they offered no sharp obstacles to the wind. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It has been theorised that the legend was created by mixing Moctezuma II’s welcome speech with a later Franciscan invention that related Cortes with Quetzalcoatl. With his opposite Tezcatlipoca he created the world. Updates? Although he was generally listed as one of the first-rank deities, no ceremonial month was dedicated to his cult. On the other hand, the snake was considered a vital instrument to help bring visions from the underworld to the Mayan kings. Together they symbolize life and death. He is often shown holding a shield and wearing a beautiful plumed headdress. Quetzalcoatl was one of the most important gods of the Aztecs and other peoples of Central America. He also had anthropomorphic forms, for example in his aspects as Ehecatl the wind god. His name in many cultures translated to “Feathered Serpent” and he was depicted in many iconographic illustrations. Although figuring prominently in many Mesoamerican mythologies, Quetzalcoatl also spawned a cult of his own. Quetzalcoatl was also linked with Aztec priesthood and one of the two high priests in the famous Templo Mayor of Tenochtitlan assumed the title of Quetzalcoatl. Corrections? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Quetzalcóatl, stone carving on the Temple of Quetzalcóatl, Teotihuacán, Mexico. Other legends posited that Quetzalcoatl was the son of the goddess Chimalma. Based on this narrative, Quetzalcoatl is often cited as the Creator in the Aztec mythology. aztec god of wind and wisdom quetzalcoatl eating human - aztec god stock illustrations. He was also the patron god of the Aztec priesthood, of learning and knowledge. Later Spanish sources of history claimed that Moctezuma II thought Cortes to be a manifestation of Quetzalcoatl. The legend of the victory of Tezcatlipoca over the Feathered Serpent probably reflects historical fact. Quetzalcóatl wandered down to the coast of the “divine water” (the Atlantic Ocean) and then immolated himself on a pyre, emerging as the planet Venus. 1 Capabilities 2 Deities 2.1 Major Deities 2.2 Other Deities 2.3 Folk Saint Deities 3 Associations 4 Known Users 4.1 Anime/Manga 4.2 Television 4.3 Cartoons/Comics 4.4 Video Games 5 Gallery The user can have the traits and abilities of Aztec Gods and Goddesses. Aztec God Quetzalcoatl – According to Aztec mythology, Earth had been through four cycles of Sun, each of which resulted in the destruction of mankind. The famed Aztec Feathered Serpent God Son of Creator God biggie Ometecuhtli, he also makes the odd appearance as Ehecatl. In the 17th century, Ixtlilxóchitl, a descendant of Aztec royalty and historian of the Nahua people, wrote, "Quetzalcoatl, in its literal sense, means 'serpent of precious feathers', but in the allegorical sense, 'wisest of men'." Finally, the north is represented by the god who is only known as Tezcatlipoca or the Black Tezcatlipoca. Among the Aztecs, the name Quetzalcoatl was also a priestly title, as the two most important priests of the Aztec Templo Mayor were called "Quetzalcoatl Tla… eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'aztecsandtenochtitlan_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_9',700,'0','0']));This is evident in the iconography recovered from these sites. Often he is also represented as spider monkeys, ducks, and other animals or beings of nature. ... Quetzalcoatl, god of wisdom, life, knowledge, morning star, fertility, patron of the winds and the light, the lord of the West; Huitzilopochtli, god of will and the sun, patron of war and fire, the lord of the South. According to this myth, the four sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, one of them being Quetzalcoatl, represent the four cardinal directions. Quetzalcoatl /ˌkɛtsælkoʊˈɑːtəl/ is a deity in Aztec culture and literature whose name comes from the Nahuatl language and means "Precious serpent" or "Quetzal-feathered Serpent". At that time Quetzalcóatl seems to have been conceived as a vegetation god—an earth and water deity closely associated with the rain god Tlaloc. According to another version, he embarked upon a raft made of snakes and disappeared beyond the eastern horizon. 1 Appearance 2 Overview 3 History 4 Gallery He appears as a mix of bird and rattle snake and his name is a combination of the Nahuatl words for the quetzal, the emerald plumed bird, and coatl or serpent. While these stories vary, some said Mixcoatl(the Aztec god of the hunt) impregnated the goddess Chimalma by shooting an arrow from his bow. In the 16th century, Spaniards conquered the Aztec Empire. Cortes landed in Mexico in 1519. In the extant Mayan sources, it has been revealed that Quetzalcoatl, or the Feathered Serpent, was associated with warfare as well as fertility. But the god of the night sky, Tezcatlipoca, expelled him from Tula by performing feats of black magic. He was a creator deity having contributed essentially to the creation of Mankind. His name means feathered serpent and he has been worshipped since 100 BC. Blessed Be. Quetzalcoatl is a primordial god of creation, a giver of life. Quetzalcóatl, Mayan name Kukulcán, (from Nahuatl quetzalli, “tail feather of the quetzal bird [Pharomachrus mocinno],” and coatl, “snake”), the Feathered Serpent, one of the major deities of the ancient Mexican pantheon. This constitutes the Late Pre-Classic Period of the Mayan civilization. Stone sculptures such as the Aztec Feathered Serpent were made by Aztec artisans, and were routinely used for display in the worship of the Aztec gods. If you have enjoyed this video, please leave a like as it helps a lot. Quetzalcoatl was also related to gods of the wind, of Venus, of the dawn, of merchants and of arts, crafts and knowledge. Quetzalcoatl was variously assigned the role of a creator, of the patron deity of the priests as in the Aztec culture, of the embodiment of the cosmos as in the Mayan culture and generally as a god of fertility. Amongst the tricks and difficult tasks Mictlantecuhtli set was to insist that Quetzalcoatl could only take the bones away with him if he went around the underworld four times blowing a conch-shell trumpet. Aztec god Quetzalcoatl, the Feathered Serpent. This task was not quite as simple as it seemed as the god of the underw… He helped create the cosmos and instigated the system of universal death and rebirth. The city was known as the center of Quetzalcoatl’s worship. I decided to teach you a little bit of my culture..... Quetzalcoatl was a very important god in the aztec deitites.... sooo i hope you like it! This strongly suggests that these deities were Mayan equivalents of Quetzalcoatl. He was, for many reasons, a dual god, who, along with his brother Xolotl represented dawn and dusk, the beginning and the end, east and west. Aztec mythology is the body or collection of myths of Aztec civilization of Central Mexico. Quetzalcoatl occupied a unique position in the Aztec pantheon and was considered one of the most important gods. Quetzalcoatl: Aztec Mythology's Feathered Serpent | Aztec god Quetzalcoatl was represented with a serpent's head, a symbol for material goods, and a feathered body, a metaphor for spirituality. In the Aztec creation myth Mictlantecuhtli attempted to delay the god Ehecatl-Quetzalcóatl on his journey into Mictlán. The south is represented by Huitzilopochtli who is the Blue Tezcatlipoca and the god of war. With his companion Xolotl, a dog-headed god, he was said to have descended to the underground hell of Mictlan to gather the bones of the ancient dead. Pre-Columbian civilization. The first documented worship of Quetzalcoatl is found in Theotihuacan during the first century BC or first century AD. Quetzalcoatl is the Aztec incarnation of the Feathered Serpent deity, known from several Aztec codices such as the Florentine codex, as well as from the records of the Spanish conquistadors. In Aztec language, his name indicated him to be a boundary between the Earth and the sky. It was here that the name Quetzalcoatl was given to him by his Nahua followers. Quetzalcoatl, the Aztec version of the Feathered Serpent deity, was the god of wind, bringer of maize, and instrumental in the creation of the Aztec universe. Cholula is known to have remained the most important center of worship to Quetzalcoatl, the Aztec/Nahua version of the feathered serpent deity, in the postclassic period. Round monuments occur particularly often in Huastec territory. Quetzalcoatl taught many of the same things as Kukulcan and once Spanish conquistadors began to arrive in Mesoamerica they were also accepted as gods by the Aztecs. …known to the Maya as Kukulcán (and to the Toltecs and Aztecs as, …traditionally dedicated in Mesoamerica to, …foreigners, under a leader named Kukulcán (which is the Maya word for Feathered Serpent), who founded a city at Chichén Itzá and ruled over the Maya.…. Quetzalcoatl is one of the most important gods in ancient Aztec Mesoamerica. Aztec God Quetzalcoatl – According to one myth, Quetzalcoatl was born to a virgin called Chimalman to whom god Onteol appeared in a dream. Around the 5th and 6th centuries, the cult of the feather serpent spread to many central Mexican cities, including Cocaxtla and Cholula. Quetzalcoatl was a bringer of knowledge, the inventor of books, and associated with the planet Venus. He was also associated with the creation of mankind, so he also possibly occupied the role of creator in the Aztec mythology. With the immigration of Nahua-speaking tribes from the north, Quetzalcóatl’s cult underwent drastic changes. Aztecs worshiped a similar god, Quetzalcoatl, who also matches the description of Kukulcan. Quetzalcoatl ’s brother is Xolotl and his mother is Top Goddess Coatlicue. The Myth of Quetzalcoatl: Religion, Rulership, And History In The Nahua World. Of these, Quetzalcoatl was the Sun in the second cycle. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Of these, Quetzalcoatl was the Sun in the second cycle. The Aztec Feathered Serpent was discovered, along with several other sculptures of coiled serpents and jaguarsin the ancient Aztec city of Tenochtitlan which is now modern day … Quetzalcoatl has been worshiped by all the major Mesoamerican cultures including the Mayans and the Aztecs. The name is a combination of quetzalli, a brightly colored Mesoamerican bird, and coatl, which means serpent; it is therefore usually translated as "feathered serpent" or "plumed serpent". Each of these four sons presides over one of the four cardinal directions. Quetzalcoatl was also linked with Aztec priesthood and one of the two high priests in the famous Templo Mayor of Tenochtitlan assumed the title of Quetzalcoatl. Quetzalcóatl’s calendar name was Ce Acatl (One Reed). Those bones he anointed with his own blood, giving birth to the men who inhabit the present universe. Quetzalcoatl is the most recognizable name among the Aztec gods. While this legend is disputed, it is clear that Quetzalcoatl was an important deity to the Aztecs and other people of Mexico and Central America. These, then, are the people that still inhabit the world. He was also the ninth of the 13 gods of the daytime hours. This is largely due to the story that the Aztec king welcomed Hernán Cortés, the Spanish conquistador, as the reincarnation of the god. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. His sea voyage to the east should probably be connected with the invasion of Yucatán by the Itzá, a tribe that showed strong Toltec features. However, at the end of the second cycle, mankind became like monkeys and so Quetzalcoatl blew up the whole of mankind. During different eras aztec god quetzalcoatl that the name Quetzalcoatl was one of the cosmos and instigated the system universal... Had more elaborate features have the traits and abilities of gods and goddesses from Aztec,. That still inhabit the world societies and was not just related to the wind.., including Cocaxtla and Cholula II thought Cortes to be one of the victory of Tezcatlipoca over feathered... 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