Research topics The Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment brings together international expertise on economics, finance, geography, the environment, international development and political economy, with the aim of producing globally recognised, policy-relevant research. Moreover, all above-mentioned values represent median projections coming out of emission scenarios, which in themselves are a function of uncertain assumptions with respect to population growth (more growth, more emissions), economic growth (here too, more growth, more emissions) and even rates of technological improvements (more improvements, less emissions). EPA develops an annual report called the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks (Inventory). Elizabeth Kolbert argues that we're living in the midst of a sixth mass extinction as ecosystems are thrown out of balance. The problem is that, in fact, political upsets could stall coordinated international mitigation action, with long-term consequences, eventually even rendering the 2°C target unachievable (Sanderson et at 2016). PhD Topics- Climate Studies Programme S.N. Includes scholarly and popular articles on many topics. Global scenarios that aim to keep warming to below 2°C and that achieve this objective from 2030 GHG emissions similar to those from the INDC range have been assessed in detail by recent large-scale model-comparison projects (Clarke et al 2014 and Riahi et al 2015), but show that even with accelerated action after 2030 options to keep warming to well below 2°C from current INDCs are severely limited, particularly if some key mitigation technologies, such as Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) or CCS with biomass energy (BECCS), for example, do not scale up as anticipated. https://www.ipcc.ch/report/sr15/, accessed on 30 December (2016). Try searching these terms using the resources linked on this page: climate change*, greenhouse effect, greenhouse gas*, global climate change, global warming, greenhouse gas mitigation, carbon dioxide mitigation, carbon sequestration, global temperature changes, paleoclimatology, deglaciation, fossil fuel* and climate change*. Luderer, G., Kriegler, E., Delsa, L., Edelenbosch, O. Y., Emmerling, J., Krey, V., McCollum, D. L., Pachauri, S., Riahi, K., Saveyn, B., Tavoni, M., Vrontisi, Z., van Vuuren, D. P., Arent, D., Arvesen, A., Fujimori, S., Iyer, G. Keppo, I., Kermeli, K., Mima, S., Ó Broin, E., Pietzcker, R. C., Sano, F., Scholz, Y., van Ruijven, B. The aim of this Research Topic is to highlight and share knowledge on the social, economic, political and cultural implications of climate change, as well as reflect upon the required transformations in policy, governance and social-cultural strategies to mitigation, adaptation and prevention. The Climate. This assessment will guide organisational adaptation to climate change and may identify mechanisms for improving the resilience of primary industries to climate change, delivered through appropriate extension mechanisms. For example, for a higher than 66 percent chance (meaning “likely”) of limiting global warming to below the internationally agreed temperature limit of 2°C, carbon budget estimates range around 590 to1,240 Gt CO2 from 2015 onward (Rogelj et al 2016b). Check out the Wisconsin Water Library, which has over 30,000 volumes addressing the Great Lakes and Wisconsin's lakes and rivers. Essay on when i got my first pet. The Paris Agreement is a general document, with a framework and overarching goals for global climate action. In 2016-2017, he was a visiting scholar at the Kleinman Center. It shows that better land management can contribute to tackling climate change, but is not the only solution. In fact, four confounding factors in this respect can be identified: 1) global and national sectors coverage, 2) uncertainties in projections, 3) land-use emissions, and 4) historical emissions and metrics. Title of Thesis: CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS AND ADAPTATIONS IN EASTERN US CROP PRODUCTION Natalia Salazar Lahera, Master of Science, 2017 Thesis Directed By: Professor Robert L. Hill, Department of Environmental Science and Technology . Climate Central surveys and conducts scientific research on climate change and informs the public of key findings. Overview; Research (2,303) Related Experts (20) Filter by. But the only concrete outcomes of COP 22 were procedural in nature, with parties to the Convention adopting work plans for further discussions. http://unfccc.int/meetings/marrakech_nov_2016/session/9676.php, assessed on 27 December (2016b). IIED - International Institute for Environment and Development Well-established policy research institute that offers an online library of information materials on climate change and related topics, such as energy, biodiversity and forests. Hubert, AM., Kruger, T. Rayner, S. Code of conduct for geoengineering. This included a tweet expressing a view that “the concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make U.S. manufacturing non-competitive,” and various other public manifestations. Climate ambition. The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which commits its Parties by setting internationally binding emission reduction targets. These countries are thus expected to overachieve their INDC climate targets by default. An independent, nonpartisan, nonprofit organization working to advance strong policy and action to address our climate and energy challenges. It should come as no surprise that limiting global warming to any level implies that the total amount of GHG emissions that can ever be emitted into the atmosphere is finite, given the technical and economic limitations of carbon sequestration possibilities to compensate for that. While the effects of climate change on migration have generated significant attention, some of the most commonly repeated predictions of the numbers of people who will be displaced are not informed by an understanding of migration dynamics. Even starting now limiting warming to no more than 2°C relative to preindustrial levels constitutes an enormous societal challenge. https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2016/climate-trends-continue-to-bre…, accessed on 20 December (2016). Climate and Health Assessment. As discussed before, the Paris Agreement commits governments to keeping average global surface temperatures to between 1.5°C and 2°C above the preindustrial level, but warming has already passed the 1°C mark (WMO 2016). As per available reports about 38 journals, 127 Conferences, 400 workshops are presently dedicated exclusively to Climatic Change and about 129056 articles are being published on the current trends in Climate Change. These gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, warm and alter the global climate, which causes environmental changes to occur that can harm people's health and well-being. email@example.com The rather pronounced green community highlights work on CO2 emission, also linked to forest- and food-related topics … This digest has been inspired by from Rogelj et al (2016a), of which Roberto Schaeffer is one of the authors. Includes articles on basic science areas of bacteriology, ecology, toxicology, environmental engineering, environmental biotechnology, waste management, and water resources. Essay on ethical issues in the workplace essay on daca. Plausibility is a central but under-examined topic in conceptual change research. Covering more than 90 percent of the world’s GHG emissions with climate plans in the form of INDCs was a historic achievement. New research from The Australia Institute has found that the economy and climate change are the two most important issues for voters in the seat of Eden-Monaro, with a majority of voters saying economic stimulus following the COVID-19 crisis should also address and build our resilience to climate change. Climate Change Solutions—our biweekly newsletter highlights practical, sustainable, and equitable solutions to climate change. The Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment brings together international expertise on economics, finance, geography, the environment, international development and political economy, with the aim of producing globally recognised, policy-relevant research. Choose what you'd like to receive: Briefing Notices — Never miss an invitation to one of our public briefings! 215.898.8502. These INDCs outline national plans to address climate change after 2020. And it is very likely —more than 90 percent probability—using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) technical language, that these topics, and many others, will continue to be increasingly hot in the United States and elsewhere during 2017 and beyond. 98 (UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya, 2015). A collection of 100 reference tools that may be searched collectively or individually. When learning about climate change, students need to make plausibility judgments but they may not be sufficiently critical or reflective. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center (OVRC) provides viewpoint articles, topic overviews, statistics, primary documents, links to websites, and full-text magazine and newspaper articles related to controversial social issues. Share this. In short, climate change will be awful for everyone but catastrophic for the poor. As they stand now, the INDCs clearly do not lead the world to a pathway towards limiting warming to well below 2°C. Social Science Research on Global Change (Hackmann and St Clair, 2012) and . Newspaper Source Plus includes 1,520 full-text newspapers, providing more than 28 million full-text articles. Environment & Climate Change--Climate change policy (1730) Energy--Energy Innovation policy (945) … The Uninhabitable Earth: Life After Warming. A number of countries place conditions on all or part of their INDC. More specifically, for keeping warming to below 2°C, some two thirds of the total CO2 budget have already been emitted, with an urgent need for global CO2 emissions to start to decline, so as not to foreclose the possibility of holding warming to below 2°C. Should the United States really depart the Paris Agreement, which can only technically happen on November 4, 2020 (at the earliest), the situation will only get worst. Climate change essay topics follow a similar format to persuasive or argumentative essays. Many hot topics have marked the year when it comes to climate change. Furthermore, we look at projections of global-mean temperature increase over the twenty-first century that would be consistent with the INDCs, and at post-2030 implications of the INDCs for limiting warming to no more than 2°C. ABARES climate and drought research focuses on understanding and measuring the effect of climate variability and change on agricultural industries. Explore a database of 500000 Climate Change Essay Examples Get topics by professional writers Make your essays great again with the best writers in the U.S. Climate Change Essay Topics. Many INDCs lack necessary details, including clarity on sectors and gases covered, on the base year or a reference from which reductions would be measured, or accounting practices related to land use and the use of specific market mechanisms. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/26/opinion/states-will-lead-on-climate-ch…, accessed on 26 December (2016). Emissions of pollutants into the air can result in changes to the climate. FCCC/CP/2015/L.9/Rev.1, http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2015/cop21/eng/109r01.pdf, accessed on 20 December (2016a). Let reason prevail. First, other major emitting nations could also follow suit, turning the Paris Agreement an absolutely irrelevant effort of international negotiation, driving the planet towards unknown climate consequences. Countries participating in COP 22 aim to have the process established by 2018, with a review of progress planned for this same year. Four ECCA conferences has so far been convened. We used four scenario groups to frame the implications of the INDCs for global GHGs in 2030: 1) no-policy baseline scenarios, 2) current-policy scenarios, 3) INDC scenarios, and 3) least-cost 2°C scenarios: All scenarios are here expressed in terms of billion tons of global annual CO2 equivalent emissions (Gt CO2e/yr), with. From the State of Wisconsin's Department of Natural Resources (DNR). It developed refinements to the AussieGRASS spatial growth model for vegetation types in western NSW that will allow more reliable monitoring and forecasting of ground cover at … Different approaches can be followed to extend INDCs into the future, which basically assume that climate action stops, continues, or accelerates. States Will Lead on Climate Change in the Trump Era. The median cost-optimal path towards keeping warming to below 2°C (starting reductions in 2020) and the emissions currently implied by the unconditional INDCs differ by about 14 (10–16) Gt CO2e/yr in 2030. Now that the Paris Agreement came into force, and that the original INDCs are not simply “Intended” anymore (so, they are no longer INDCs but now Nationally Determined Contributions, or NDCs), it will continue with NDCs, subject to strong transparency of individual contributions and a global stock-take, in the light of equity and science, every five years. Climate change The energy sector is central to efforts to combat climate change Promoting sustainable development and combating climate change have become integral aspects of energy planning, analysis and policy making. It is a problem that world leaders need to take more seriously, and try to get more people involved to help better the environment. Our knowledge about the nature and physics of climate change, its causes and its consequences, is far greater than our understanding of the societal changes it poses. The warming of the atmosphere affects weather patterns, causing more frequent and severe storms and droughts across many global regions. Nature Climate Change, advance publication, published online on 26 December, http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nclimate3193.html, accessed on 28 December (2016). Don't miss this one-of-a-kind resrouce available to all University of Wisconsin students! Last year the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reported that the global surface temperature was record warm in 2015. Climate Central surveys and conducts scientific research on climate change and informs the public of key findings. Booklet about research, science and innovation of EU projects on climate change adaptation. These differences are a result of a number of factors, including modeling methods, input data, and assumptions regarding country intent. Climate change, also known as global warming, is the rise in average surface temperatures on earth. Newspaper Source Plus includes 1,520 full-text newspapers, providing more … NASA. Longtime climate activist Naomi Klein contends that the tension between capitalism and the climate has reached an unsustainable inflection point. Exactly a month and a half after the landmark Paris Agreement officially took effect on November 4, 2016—when one hundred nations, accounting for 69 percent of global greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions, had formally joined the treaty (UNFCCC 2016)—Mr. And it is very likely —more than 90 percent probability—using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) technical language, that these topics, and many others, will continue to be increasingly hot in the United States and elsewhere during 2017 and beyond. in Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. These INDCs lower global greenhouse gas emissions compared to existing policies. WASHINGTON, December 10, 2020 - The World Bank Board of Directors today approved a $60 million International Development Association (IDA)* grant to help African countries strengthen the resilience of their agricultural sectors to the threat posed by climate change. Success will mean that the world achieved the temperature objective of holding global warming to well below 2°C and is continuing to “pursue efforts“ to limit it to 1.5°C. Climate change causes indirect hydrologic effects as forest ecosystems are impacted by disturbances that may worsen with climate change such as wildfires [11, 12], insect outbreaks (19, 21, 22), or selective mortality of drought and heat sensitive trees [13, 17, 18, 20]. Psychology Research Topics Related to Climate Change I drew out the following ideas mainly from the topics identified by the American Psychological Association. Research Topic Description Faculty Email 1 Energy-use emissions, air-quality and atmospheric warming. But ironing out Paris Agreement details will take some time. Nature 538, 289, 20 October (2016b). Finally, the INDC cases that are discussed here will exceed the available carbon budget for keeping warming to below 2°C by 2030 with 66 percent probability (that is, roughly 750 to 800 Gt CO2e implied emissions under the INDCs during the 2011 to 2030 period compared to the 750 to 1,400 Gt CO2e available). Therefore, let us put this clear: Should the United States’ new administration, indeed step back from the previous administration commitment, two possibilities could arise. https://public.wmo.int/en/media/press-release/provisional-wmo-statement-…, accessed on 20 December (2016). Climate change: 11 facts you need to know We’re already seeing the effects of human-caused climate change — but nature can help. Fact sheets & briefs from the Pew Center on Global Climate Change. On the global front, as discussed here, actions may still be too slow and/or too weak, but we can be optimistic and say that, in spite of some hurdles on the way, momentum is building. The comparison of these cost-optimal 2°C scenarios to the INDC projections shows a large discrepancy (Fig. Experts at the Belfer Center focus on a broad range of environmental and climate change issues. Prior to Trump’s presidency, countries—including the United States— had submitted their “intended nationally determined contributions” (INDCs) for the next one-and-a-half decades. Policy findings from the ADVANCE project (first edition, 2016). Riahi, K. et al. If the 2°C goal is already seen implausible by some, given a lack of more effective actions and current politics, let alone the even more ambitions 1.5°C target (Nature 2016a), let us hope that the economies of the world will be able to do their homework on time. http://www.noaa.gov/climate, accessed on 20 December (2016). Lead author of the study Carolyn Wheeler is … The Emissions Gap Report 2015. Without a complete reordering of the globe's political economy, the Earth will not survive. Shock Waves: Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty November 8, 2015 — A new World Bank report shows that climate change is an acute threat to poorer people across the world, with the power to push more than 100 million people back into poverty over the next fifteen years. These sources are categorized by pages: Current, Historical, Local/Madison, Wisconsin, US, Alternative/Ethnic, and International. Well-established policy research institute that offers an online library of information materials on climate change and related topics, such as energy, biodiversity and forests. This challenge is particularly relevant to policy, because limiting emissions in 2030 does not only increase the chances of attaining the 2°C target, but also reduces the need to rely on unproven, potentially risky or controversial technologies in the future (Clark et al 2014 and Riahi et al 2015). Some included a range of reduction targets in their INDC and attached conditions to the implementation of the more ambitious end. Under the December 2015 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Paris Agreement, more than 190 nations committed to take ambitious action 1) to hold the increase in global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, 2) to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C, and 3) to achieve net zero emissions in the second half of this century (UNFCCC 2016a). So, conditional and unconditional INDC scenarios have to be distinguished from each other, although some argue that, implicitly, all INDCs are conditional, with “some being more conditional than others.” This is because, even if a country submits an unconditional INDC, later in time facts out of a country’s control may change its future priorities. We cannot travel the last mile with quick fixes, which would be too dependent on extremely risky and uncertain technologies, such as geoengineering, as some have begun to consider (Hubert et al 2016). DPI has undertaken an organisational climate change 'risk assesment' to identify those operational areas that are at high risk due to climate change. Also, some of the actions listed in INDCs are, implicitly or explicitly, conditional on other factors, like the availability of financial or technological support. This book examines the ecological implications of environmental degradation. Stopping action is often modelled by assuming that emissions return to a no-climate-policy trajectory after 2030; continuing action by assuming that the level of post-2030 action is similar to pre-2030 action on the basis of a metric of choice; and accelerating action by post-2030 action that goes beyond such a level. The interpretation of all these factors influences the range of possible outcomes. Atmospheric aerosols have … This analysis draws heavily on a previous published work (Rogelj et al 2016a), in which I was one of the authors, and where we updated and expanded INDC modelling results that were collected in the framework of the 2015 UNEP Emissions Gap Report (UNEP 2015), in which I was also one of the authors. Under these assumptions of continued climate action, the 2030 unconditional-INDC emission range is roughly consistent with a median warming relative to pre-industrial levels of 2.6 to 3.1°C (median, 2.9°C; full scenario projection uncertainty, 2.2 to 3.5°C; Table 1), with warming continuing its increase afterwards. IPCC. UNEP. Climate change is the long-term alteration in Earth’s climate and weather patterns. The Climate science for better NRM in western NSW project terminated in May 2007. How exactly does climate change affect the animal world in its current areas of distribution? However, when projected further into the future, the INDCs still suggest a median warming of roughly 2.5 to 3.0°C by 2100. Climate change represents the greatest challenge of the 21st Century and will affect human societies in multiple ways. It is the beginning of a longer process. Includes articles on the fields of meteorology, climatology, physical oceanography, hydrology, glaciology, and atmospheric chemistry and physics. Chief research scientist, Climate Science Centre, CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere; and Executive Director, Global Carbon Project, CSIRO David Karoly Leader, NESP Earth Systems and Climate Change … Only the successful deployment of carbon sequestration practices and technologies could extend this time frame. To have these numbers in context, global GHG emissions in 2010 are estimated at about 48 (46 to 50) Gt CO2e/yr (UNEP 2015), and our median no-policy baseline estimate reaches about 65 Gt CO2e/yr by 2030. Climate change affects ocean habitats by lowering oxygen, decreasing phytoplankton (little plants that serve as the base of marine food chains) and killing coral reefs. Sanderson, B. M. & Knutti, R. Delays in US mitigation could rulled out Paris targets. Climate change is affecting crop production in the Eastern US and is expected to continue doing so unless adaptation measures are employed. The Scenario Database that accompanied the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Chang (IPCC) is used to explore cost-optimal 2°C pathways from 2020 onward (four scenerios). While the contributions open a new era for climate policy under the Paris agreement, they also represent both an invitation and call, if not a need, for further action. Carbon emissions, she argues, are the symptom of an economic system that puts profit over people. Of the INDCs submitted, roughly half came with both conditional and unconditional components, a third was conditional only, and the rest did not make any distinction. Exploring futures in which a global balance of GHG emissions can be achieved in the second half of this century with technically feasible and societally acceptable technologies represents a major research challenge emerging from the Paris Agreement. Scoping Meeting for the IPCC Special Report on the Impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways. Already earlier, in preparation of the agreement, countries had submitted their “intended nationally determined contributions” (INDCs) for the agreed 2025 to 2030 period, promising to lower global GHG emissions compared to already existing policies. Author David Wallace-Wells urges readers to look broadly at the damage wrought to our environment by climate change, arguing that rising oceans only scratch the surface of potential catastrophes humanity will have to face. This Research Topic aims to gather paleoclimatologists, paleohydrologists, archeologists and climate simulators, and will focus on high-resolution climate reconstructions from the Asia-Pacific region during the Holocene, the environmental and social impacts of climate changes in Asia-Pacific region during this time, and the driving forces of climate change on different temporal and spatial scales. Getting Here The purpose of this digest is to assess the extent to which the proposed INDCs impact global GHG emissions by 2030, and explore the consistency of these reductions with the “well below 2°C” objective of the Paris Agreement. Geneva, Switzerland, 15-16 August. In this globe-spanning book, activist Mary Robinson sees the unfolding of a world-wide grassroots movement for climate justice. Nature. Chief research scientist, Climate Science Centre, CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere; and Executive Director, Global Carbon Project, CSIRO David Karoly Leader, NESP Earth Systems and Climate Change … Modeling the Interactive Effects from Nitrogen Deposition and Climage Change. Climate change is already altering the patterns of our natural hydrologic cycle, creating uncertainty when it comes to the quality and quantity of water sources—forcing utilities to rethink practices that have traditionally been effective and seek solutions for more unpredictable conditions. Research by Dr Fiona Cameron, a senior research fellow at the Institute for Culture and Society, and her colleagues, found that museums are seen as trustworthy and impartial — even more so than government communication — making them ideal platforms for taking a lead in climate change … This presses the record set the year before by 0.16°C, the largest margin ever by which one year has beaten another on the records (NOAA 2016). I am thinking of working on a research topic relating to ESG Investment and Climate change reality. Whenever the focus is on climate change, as it is right now at the Paris climate conference, tough questions are asked concerning the costs of cutting carbon emissions, the feasibility of transitioning to renewable energy, and whether it’s already too late to do anything about climate change.We posed these questions to Laura Segafredo, manager for the Deep Decarbonization … Therefore, the latter in itself is already a problem even if the former does not materialize. Newspapers available in print, electronically, and policy ( 16 ) topic. Topics: an Undergraduate research Guide: climate change after 2020 topics follow a similar format to persuasive argumentative. ) and to overachieve their INDC is structured around 6 topics, while global temperatures warmed, here in future! Many view human-induced climate change on 26 December ( 2016 ) back to 1990 the climate of public. Studies on mitigation and adaptation to climate change climate and climate change with society 29 September ( )! 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Question thus arises whether global temperature outcomes, even when starting from the Paris is. Of factors, including modeling methods, input data, and International these scenarios achieve a balance global! Also known as global warming, is the long-term alteration in Earth ’ s climate and climate an.
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