Order of Battle - WWII - ETO; 8th ARMORED DIVISION; Return to Table of Contents "Thundering Herd" The mixture of insignia and distinctive colors of several arms incorporated in the Armored Force symbolize integrity and esprit. 215th FA Bn (155mm How) 27 Mar 45-31 Mar 45 The 8th completed the D Series and participated in the Sixth Louisiana Maneuver Period from February through April 1944 as part of the Red Force. The 8th Infantry Division, ("Pathfinder") was an infantry division of the United States Army during the 20th century.The division served in World War I, World War II, and Operation Desert Storm.Initially activated in January 1918, the unit did not see combat during World War I and returned to the United States. The division is also sometimes referred to as Tornado – its wartime tactical call sign. My Father's story as a tank commander in the 8th Armored Division 18th Tank Battalion Company "C" at "The Battle of the Bulge"....he passed away … The US 9th Air Force continued to provide close air support as the division continued into the Ruhr Pocket through heavy fighting in the Lippstadt area. One way we promote public education of military history is through our exhibits. , The division moved to Simpelveld, the Netherlands for rest and refitting absorbing approximately 200 replacements. The Division received orders to cease forward movement as it was 'pinched out' by the 35th Inf. 405th Arm'd Field Artillery Battalion: Lt. Col. William McLynn, Service Battalions: 53d Armored Engineer Battalion After V-E Day, the division moved to Chotieschau, Czechoslovakia. Leach.) From 1942 to 1944 it functioned as a training command stationed at Camp Polk, Louisiana. 695th FA Bn 27 Mar 45-31 Mar 45 The Battalion was made of 3 Armored Infantry Companies: A, B and C which in turn were made up of: Early in the war, the anti-tank platoon would have included an 37 mm anti-tank cannon but by the time the 8th entered combat in late 1944 the 37 mm was deemed ineffective against German armor and was discarded from the TO & E., The primary weapon of the Armored Infantryman was the M1 Garand rifle. Periodically, prisoners throughout the Buchenwald camp system underwent selection. It was also known as the "Iron Snake" late in the war, after a correspondent for Newsweek likened the 8th to a "great ironclad snake" as it crossed the Rhine River in late March 1945. After training at Tidworth, England, the 8th Armored Division landed in France, 5 January 1945, and assembled in the Bacqueville area of upper Normandy. Donald P. Boyer was the S-3 (Operations) Officer of 38th Armored Infantry Battalion. I. O. Drewry. On 6 April, CCB made a 25-mile (40 km) 'end run' around Soest to the outskirts of Ost Onnen to cut off a German breakout path from the Ruhr pocket. Very little other training was done. 88th Armored Reconnaissance Battalion: Lt. Col. T. B. Harrington If you can't find someone you are looking for, please go to our search page. (For a detailed history see the book In Tornado's Wake by Cap't Charles R. It was also known as the "Iron Snake" late in the war, after a correspondent for Newsweek likened the 8th to a "great ironclad snake" as it crossed the Rhine River in late March 1945. By 9 March CCB of the 8th secured the town of Ossenberg as well as the towns of Borth and Wallach. Once known as the “Show Horse” Division, the 8th Armored Division proved it was a work-horse outfit in the brief time it … The division assembled in the Bacqueville area of upper Normandy as part of the (then) still secret US Fifteenth Army and was placed in reserve. 275th Armd FA Bn 27 Mar 45-31 Mar 45 May 14-16-16 2021 May 14-16-16 2021 Join us for our annual reunion to be held in the Spring of 2021 and tour the new Museum of the Army at Ft Belvoir, VA with Dedication of the Memorial to the 8th Armored Division and its veterans. 3 May 45 Maj. Henry C. Schraeder, 21 Nov 44 Lt. Col. William S. Crittendon On the left is Cpt. Holocaust Museum honoring those who liberated the death camps. , CCA captured Dorsten early the next morning and CCB moved in to secure the area so CCA could join CCR in their advance to the east towards the town of Marl. Gen. John M. Devine 80th Tank Battalion: Maj. A. E. Walker 49th Armored Infantry Battalion: Lt. Col. M. G. Roseborough The following day CCA joined the attack on Unna and CCB went into reserve. , On 19 September the division began the 600-mile (970 km) trip to Camp Oklahoma City near Rheims, France for deployment home. The 8th Armored Division was an armored division of the United States Army that served in the European Theater of World War II. From Chartres, the Division advanced to liberate Dreux and then Melun, where they crossed the Seine Ri… The light format armored division was made up of three Combat Commands referred to as Combat Command A (CCA), Combat Command B (CCB) and a smaller unit called Combat Command Reserve (CCR). , US Infantrymen undergoing rifle instruction, During December 1943, the division participated in the famed D Series of exercises in Texas. The division served as the first official military guardian of the gold vault at Fort Knox. Div. The Squadron was organized in Troops and equipped as follows: Recon units were often supported by Tank Destroyer units, in the case of the 8th the 809th Tank Destroyer Battalion. 11 Apr 45 Lt. Col. Edwin H. Burba, 21 Nov 44 Col. Robert J. Wallace 4 tank companies referred to as A, B, C and D companies, These were M4A3's fitted with a 105 mm cannon and used as an, Tank retrievers for recovering damaged tanks, Tanks with plows and flails for clearing obstacles, 7th, 49th & 58th Armored Infantry Battalions, 3 Armored Infantry Companies referred to as A,B and C Companies, An HQ platoon comprising the Battalion Staff and their vehicles; 2 – 3, A mortar platoon with 3 M4 Mortar Carriers (made up of an, A Headquarters Platoon comprising the platoon staff and their vehicles: 2, 3 Rifle platoons of 36 riflemen divided into 3 squads of 12, 2, An Anti-tank platoon with 9 bazooka rocket launchers, their crews (30 men in total) and their vehicles: 3, 3 Firing Batteries referred to as A, B and C Batteries, 1 Service Section with 1 2½ Ton Truck and 1 ¼ Ton Truck. , From the period of April through October 1944, the division conducted post-maneuver training, losing a number of trained personnel to other units and absorbing and training their replacements. It would have been in the fight against the Wehrmacht much sooner had it not been so valuable as a training division. The 8th crossed the Lippe River, and assembled at Selm. These units were identical, except that the battalion was organized as companies, while the squadron as troops (although the light tank unit was a company in either organization). On 24 March 18 Tank Bn of the 8th Armored Division was ferried across in support of the 30th Infantry prior to the Division's crossing. The Division landed on Omaha and Utah Beaches, 13–14 August 1944, and was assigned to Third U.S. Army. The Japanese reacted vigorously. Entered Combat--First Elements 19 January 1945 The Division drove through Nogent-le-Rotrou in an attack on Chartres. Div. Div. Entered Combat--Entire Division 23 February 45 On 23 March all artillery units commenced firing over 130,000 rounds preceding the initial crossing of the Rhine River to be made by the 30th Infantry Division. View some pictures of recent Exhibits. A detachment of the 88th Armored Cavalry undertook the division's first combat action – a reconnaissance of the best route to contact with the enemy. Division losses were an additional 6 tanks destroyed and 4 disabled as well as heavy personnel casualties. Drabik, Alex 27th Armored Infantry Regiment, 9th Armored Division 318 Dragoni, J. R. 3rd Photo Reconnaissance Squadron 914 German losses in action against 8th Armored units were 5 Panzer IV tanks, 72 prisoners and many dead and wounded. Arrived Continent (D+213) 6 January 1945 1. From Fighting Divisions, Kahn & McLemore, Infantry Journal Press, 1945-1946. The city fell on 18 August. They captured the towns of Wamel, Brullinggsen, Ellingsen, and Westendorfdisambiguation needed. Military Police Platoon:3 Officers, 88 other ranks 1. CCA headed for the town of Wegberg. , On 27 February 8 crossed the Roer River via the Hilfarth Bridge which had been captured by the 35th Inf. World War II The 8th Armored Division was activated on 1 April 1942 at Fort Knox, KY. From 1942 to 1944 it functioned as a training command stationed at Camp Polk Louisiana. Activated 1 April 1942 Jr. The Division arrived on the European Continent on 4 Jul 44 and elements began their World War II combat on 6 July with the entire division engaged on 8 July 1944. Headquarters Company:14 Officers, 159 other ranks 1.1. Citation: He was the leader of a combat patrol on 21 December 1944 near Grufflingen, Belgium, with the mission of driving German forces from dug-in positions in a heavily wooded area. The division served as the first official military guardian of the gold vault at Fort Knox. The 8th liberated Halberstadt-Zwieberge, a subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp, between 12 and 17 April 1945 during its drive through central Germany. The 8th participated in the liberation of the Halberstadt-Zwieberge concentration camps near Langenstein (see below). , The M4A3 76 were M4A3 Shermans tanks fitted with a more powerful 76 mm cannon. 78th Armored Medical Battalion Arrived ETO 21 November 1944 399th Arm'd Field Artillery Battalion: Lt. Col. R. M. Lilly, Combat Command R: Col. Robert J. Wallace Names and information on the rosters are from various sources.They are only partially complete of course and will be updated if more information can be obtained. The Germans moved reinforcements, including Hitler Youth into Unna from the Muelhausen garrison. Heavy house to house fighting slowed the attack. 36th Tank Battalion They then captured Ost Buederich by the end of the day. Leach, Charles R; In Tornado's Wake Argus, 1956 ISBN 0-89839-176-8, Articles with links needing disambiguation from November 2015, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Armored divisions of the United States Army, United States Army divisions during World War II, Military units and formations established in 1942, MilitaryHistoryOnline.com – US Army in World War II, "275th Armored Field Artillery Battalion Association Home Page", Military History Online – US Army in World War II, Tornado! 473rd AAA AW (SP) Battalion , CCR crossed the Rappholtz-Muhlen Canal on 30 March and captured Buer-Hassel. Grimes went on to serve as Commandant of the Cavalry School at Fort Riley, Kansas. 1.1.1… An 18th tank was the first across the Rhine in the 9th Army area and assisted in the capture of Spellem, the first town captured east of the Rhine by 9th Army. If you have any data on units and those who served we would be interested in adding it to our digital project-library; please Contact Us. 405th Armored Field Artillery Battalion, 130th Ordnance Maintenance Battalion 49th Armored Infantry Battalion , CCB completed clearing resistance from the edge of Forest Heimburg south of Derenburg while units of the 2nd Armored relieved CCR allowing it to move into the vicinity of Stroebeck in preparation for reducing resistance in Blankenburg. The 8th Armored then took on the 116th Panzer Division in its drive toward Dorsten, keypoint of the northern flank of the then forming Ruhr River pocket. of the 83rd Inf. The nickname of the 8th Armored Division, the "Thundering Herd", was coined before the division went to Europe in late 1944. Medical personnel stand outside a school that has been converted into a hospital for concentration camp survivors from Langenstein-Zwieberge. C $7.64 + C $3.21 shipping . , The same day the US 9th Armored Division captured a bridge over the Rhine at Remagen. During this period the Division became the first US or British unit to uncover the existence of the secret Werwolf organization when several cleverly camouflaged bunkers were discovered, each containing 12 to 15 fully equipped German soldiers. Prisoners in the satellite camps were put to work mostly in armaments factories, in stone quarries, and on construction projects. (as of 24 October 1944), Combat Command A: Col. Charles F. Colson Combat Command B captured Lintfort and Rhein- berg to clean up the west bank of the river, overcoming cross-fire from panzerfausts, mortars, burp guns, mines and antitank weapons. The 8th was composed of 3 Armored Infantry Battalions: The Battalion Headquarters Unit was made up of the battalion command team and their vehicles; 2 – 3 M2A1 or M3A1Halftracks and various peeps or similar vehicles.. , On 24 March 18 Tank Bn of the 8th Armored Division was ferried across in support of the 30th Infantry prior to the Division's crossing. Newly liberated inmates of one of the Buchenwald slave-labor subcamps. Marl was cleared by nightfall. The armored infantrymen were not issued the Browning Automatic Rifle as each rifle platoon contained 2 M1919A4 medium machine guns as well as the 4 M1919A4's and 1 M2 mounted on the platoon's halftracks. ):42 Officers, 931 other ranks 1.4. of the First Army. First taste of battle for the 8th Armored came in the Third Army’s preliminary attack against the Moselle-Saar salient, Supporting the 94th Infantry Division, Combat Command A drove the crack 11th Panzer Division out of the fortress towns of Nennig, Berg and Sinz. New orders were received late in the next day to capture Dorsten so that the Lippe River could be bridged allowing armor to move northward. CCA had lost 2 tanks, 1 halftrack and 1 jeep during these operations. CCB attacked Lintfort and Rheinberg with the 35th. It was relieved by units of the British Army and began its move to the Pilsen, Czechoslovakia area. The 8th Infantry Division was formed in 1918 during World War I and was sent to France that same year. The D Series were small scale maneuver problems designed as a precursor to the full scale Sixth Louisiana Maneuver Period. Place and date: Near Grufflingen, Belgium, 21 December 1944. , In the meantime, CCR, located near Bruckhausen launched an attack on Zweckel and Kirchhellen to the south on 28 March. 399th Armored Field Artillery Battalion Reserve Command The Regiment then advanced south through Avranches and Rennes and turned west into Brittany. so an attack could be mounted in the direction of Rheinberg and Wesel to prevent the Germans from crossing the Rhine River. Co. C of the 53rd Engineers worked through the night to bridge the Niers River which was holding up the advance on Moers. Other weakened prisoners were killed by phenol injections administered by the camp doctor. On 6 November 1944 the division left Camp Kilmer and boarded ships in New Jersey for the United Kingdom. These machine guns could be dismounted and used as needed.. The following day CCR moved to secure the road between Werl and Wickede and captured the towns of Parsit, Bremen, Vierhausen, Schluckingen and Wiehagen capturing 238 German soldiers, 1 Tiger tank, and 3 88 mm anti-tank guns. It is believed that these were the last official wartime casualties of the Division. In September 1943 the division completed reorganization from the old style triangular division to the new 'light' armored division, as per War Department Letter AG-322, in preparation for activation as a combat unit. Joseph Lyten, a dentist from the 8th Armored Division medical battalion. 18th Tank Battalion: Lt. Col. G. B. Goodrich CCB began an attack on Werl in the afternoon and captured Gerlingen. Came a shift in Allied plans, and the 8th Armored drove toward Soest, taking Collinghausen, Nordert and Ebbinghausen. , By 9 April, The threat of a German breakout had passed due to the buildup of allied troops in the area. The nickname of the 8th Armored Division, the "Thundering Herd", was coined before the division went to Europe in late 1944. CCA then swung southeast from Dorsten heading for Polsum. There were 20 Infantry Divisions, 10 Armored Divisions and 3 Airborne Divisions that received the Ardennes Credit. CCB moved through Sittard, Gangelt, Geilenkirchen, Randerath, and Brachelen to arrive at the Hilfarth Bridge and crossed after CCA. 148th Armored Signal Company: Capt W. C. Jackson Later in the war, more M4A3 76 tanks were added to the tank companies as replacements for older or damaged units. 407th FA Bn 28 Feb 45-5 Mar 45 This 8th Armored Division World War II emblematic hat is six panel, full back (not mesh) and fully adjustable embroidered with the 8th Armored Division, the 8th Armored Patch, WW II and European Service Ribbons - American Campaign Ribbon, European Campaign and World War II Victory Ribbon. For example, by the end of January, 1945, the 47 th Infantry Regiment (which fought in France and Germany) had lost well over 100% of their strength to battle casualties, where men were either killed, wounded, missing, or taken as prisoner of war. The SS staff sent those too weak or disabled to continue working to the Bernburg or Sonnenstein euthanasia killing centers, where they were killed by gas. It is adjustable for sizing. 4 Mar 45 Lt. Col. Edwin H. Burba three miles east of … This surrender was the end of organized resistance from the 116th Panzer Division. The 116th Panzer Division was defending both and the approaches had been heavily mined. CCR moved from Denstorf to Braunschweig and continued screening the rear areas. CCR captured the towns of Stripe and Norddorf, and continued through Vollinghausen, Oberhagen, and Ebbinghausen before stopping for the night in front of Horne. Crew-served weapon crewmen were usually armed with the M1911A1 pistol or the M1 Carbine as a personal weapon. At the end of October the 8th received movement orders to Camp Kilmer, New York in preparation for shipment overseas. NOTICE: 8th Armored Division Association Annual Reunion. Some additional cleanup was required of small pockets of resistance as stragglers were found.. The 8th, along with many of the other armored units arriving in Europe in late 1944, was equipped with all 76 mm armed Shermans. It was formed from the 37th Armored Regiment upon completing training at Pine Camp NY.  The M4A3E8 76 or 'Easy Eight' version of the Sherman was also used by the 8th as it became available. 959th FA Bn (4.5" Gun) 5 Apr 45-10 Apr 45, 290th CT (- 1st Bn) (75th Div) 27 Mar 45-30 Mar 45 8th Armored Division in World War II. Co. C, 53 Armored Engineers built a bridge across the canal in just 44 minutes. as they moved east. The 8th Armored Division included the: Each battalion comprised 18 self-propelled cannon and supporting vehicles. , During the period of 23 April through 8 May the division was assigned an area of 90 kilometers long by 30 kilometers wide and went into occupation duty. CCB captured Werl by late afternoon after heavy resistance during the day. THORNE, Horace M. [posthumously] Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Troop D, 89th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, 9th Armored Division. 8th Armored losses were 3 M4A3 Sherman tanks, 4 Halftracks and heavy personnel casualties. Band, 21 Nov 44 Brig. 58th Armored Infantry Battalion Division Trains: Col. Y. D. Vesely 1.1. The Division fought on into Unna, near Dortmund, and then was pulled out of combat and sent rolling 100 miles to Wolfenbuttel. CCR, in the meantime, outposted all roads northeast of Soest to facilitate an attack on the town by the 94th Inf. The German drive for Strasbourg brought a rush call for armor, and the division moved across France in the midst of a blizzard, skidding into Pont-à-Mousson three days and 350 miles later, only to find that the enemy thrust had been halted. On 7 August 1942 the first stage of the offensive began with landings by a Marine division on Guadalcanal and nearby islands. 9th Infantry Division. At the end of the day, CCB relieved CCR and attacked westward toward Soest; capturing the towns of Schallen and Lohne while CCA continued attacking south capturing the towns of Anroechte, Mensel, Drewer, and Altenruthen. Sabotage was suspected. The 6th Armored Division landed across Utah Beach, France, on Jul 19, 1944, and assembled at Le Mesnil 6 days later. , Of interest is that all details regarding the camp were sealed and classified by the US Government; presumably because of the camp's involvement with an improved version of the V-1 flying bomb. 508th CIC Detachment: Lt. A. J. Stanchick Div. Following is a brief history. Before it sailed for overseas on Election Day, 1944, the “Iron Snake,” as it is now known, trained more than 50,000 officers and men, who were shipped abroad to fill gaps in eight other armored divisions. During this period the 8th supplied trained personnel to the 9th through 14th Armored Divisions. ... 8th Armored Division World War II 2 Patch Officially Licensed. Combat Command B On 14 April the remaining units of the Division began moving to an assembly area in the vicinity of Braunschweig with CCA going to Wolfenbüttel and CCR going to Denstorf. The records confirmed the role of the division in liberating the camp and the division's flag was added to those on display at the U.S. , Major General John Devine (Commander in Combat) 1944–1945, Combat Command Organization, 1944–1945 , From 8 May through 30 May the Division remained on occupation duty and continued to clean up stragglers and small pockets of resistance. By nightfall, most of Blankenburg had surrendered except for a few strongpoints that comprised fanatical resisters unwilling to lay down their arms or soldiers who had not yet received word to surrender. This would allow German forces to briefly cut off the US 2nd Armored. CCB was assigned to protect right flank of the 2nd Armored and the 83rd Inf. It was committed through the 8th Infantry Division to clear the heights near Le Bingard on Jul 27, and CCA secured a bridgehead across the Sienne River near Pont de la … Free shipping for many products! 4th Infantry Division. Those remaining were sent to various I & E (Information and Education) training schools. Plunging past Dorsten, the 8th Armored fought through Polsum, Kirchellen, Zweckel, Buer Massel and Kol Berlich, grinding down compressed German opposition. 398th Arm'd Field Artillery Battalion: Lt. Col R. H. Dawson, Combat Command B: Col. Edward A. Kimball The Germans lost 160 personnel, 2 tanks and a battery of 88's. 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