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when to use a hyphen in a sentence

Hyphens and m-dashes are important in both English and French, but they are considerably more common in the latter. In order to avoid confusion in your sentences, you should never use more than two em dashes per sentence. Easily browse through english vocabulary, listen the sentences or copy them. Open compounds are normally comprised of two nouns that are utilized together to speak to a solitary thought. A hyphen is also the symbol you use to write out longer numbers: “twenty-three.” When to use a dash A dash (specifically, an em dash) has a totally different purpose. A compound modifier is made up of two words that work together to act like an adjective so when you connect it through a hyphen it makes a sense to the readers as a one unit meaning. A decent word reference is the best place to check whether a compound is open or not. (Correct), This medication is fast acting. This grammar lesson offers an explanation on the correct use of hyphens and gives examples of hyphens used in sentences. A hyphen is an acceptable alternative to a comma. Use an em dash to offset lists placed in a sentence. However, a hyphen is not required if the number is the second word in the compound adjective. Hyphens’ main objective is to glue all the words together and to make the reader understand that how elements are linked in a sentence. If the noun comes first then leave the hyphen out. Wind-powered generators can be excellent sources of electricity. To connect with, or separate by, a hyphen, as two words or the parts of a word. Use the soft hyphen in words which would not b Using hyphens … Use a hyphen to avoid confusion in meaning. The municipal government is funding a community-based education system. Hyphenated compound words are the ones with a hyphen between the words. Hyphen sentence examples. The hyphen is not a dash, and cannot be substituted by or for one. Using a hyphen in a compound noun shows the words are the same grammatical entity, and it eliminates reading stutter or ambiguity. Hyphens are used in compound adjectives and compound nouns. Do you expect me to believe this clearly impossible story? Don’t take down any load-bearing walls when renovating. Notwithstanding its versatility, the em dash is best limited to two appearances per sentence. Though he no longer held an official position, the ex-mayor still attended all the town’s functions. The president of the company gave a 10-minute speech to the Board of Directors. : Two or more one-syllable words may be joined together, however, usually connected by a hyphen, to form a compound word. 0. When using all as a prefix, add a hyphen. The Associated Press updates its lists every year, and email is now considered correct. Hyphens (-) are used to connect two or more words (and numbers) into a single concept, especially for building adjectives. Examples and Observations "The hyphen continues to serve us, often by removing ambiguity from sentences. Chocolate-covered 2. Hyphens and dashes cause confusion, but the simple rule on how to use them in a sentence is that hyphens join two or more words or parts of words together, while dashes separate phrases from other content. … If you’re not sure about the rules, click on. 1. I am going to re-cover the sofa. Putting this into Microsoft Word. To separate independent clauses when the second clause/sentence illustrates, explains, paraphrases, or expands on the first: Martha realized that her worst fear was coming true: her son was being sent to war. You’ll find variations of the spellings of cell phone and cellphone, home page and homepage, e-commerce and eCommerce, etc. Hyphens tend not be used for adjectives that are modified by adverbs, even when they come before nouns: lightly salted peanuts, distantly related cousins, a poorly written sentence. He is an expert in eighteenth-century literature. Words like e-commerce and e-mail are perfect examples. Each of these tiny horizontal lines is designed to communicate a particular kind of span between concepts, and that is somewhat reflected in their size. We often use the hyphen to break a word into two … And dogs. If you are wondering, do you capitalize the word “uncle” in a sentence. 5. To use hyphens and dashes accurately to make your punctuation clear. This rock-hard cake is absolutely impossible to eat. A hyphen should be used in order to create an adjective if the phrase comes before the noun in a sentence. Hyphens, Dashes, Parentheses, and Brackets hyphens (-) Four of the most common ways to use a hyphen are: 1. The use of multi, which is itself an abbreviation of multiple, is often recommended by spell checkers as a separate word. Dashes are also used to add comments in ways that might otherwise be set off by commas, parentheses or brackets. Remember that en-dashes ( – ) have three specific uses. 0. “Open” implies that there is a space between the two words and no hyphen. Do You Capitalize the Word “Uncle” In a Sentence? Use a hyphen inside a character set to specify a range: 9. Hyphens, Dashes, Parentheses, and Brackets hyphens (-) Four of the most common ways to use a hyphen are: 1. (Incorrect), There are some beautiful looking flowers in the garden. 3. There are three types of dashes in writing used to convey different ideas in an engaging way. This is the most common rule of hyphenation, and among the most misunderstoo… En-dashes ( – ) are … betting kid did better than all the adults. A dash interrupts the flow of a sentence and sets a separate thought off from the rest of a sentence. A dictionary helps you track whether a compound word modifier is two words or a single word. The one difference between the two that is obvious right away is that a dash is about twice as long as a hyphen… Meaning: ['haɪfn] n. a punctuation mark (-) used between parts of a compound word or between the syllables of a word when the word is divided at the end of a line of text. Check a dictionary if you are not sure whether to use a hyphen or not. Knowing when and how to use hyphens and dashes is a critical art of writing effectively. If two words create a single description, put a hyphen between them if the description comes before the word that it’s describing (no hyphen if the description follows the word it’s modifying). A compound adjective is two or more words that come before a noun and modify it as a single thought. Guidance cou… They’re also used to separate dates. When writing out money, you substitute “and” for the hyphen between cents: three-hundred-fifty dollars and fifty-two cents. Do You Capitalize Religions When Writing? 4. Learn how to use Hyphen in English grammar.. The hyphen is the shortest of the three horizontal marks that may be used in the middle of a sentence. What is a hyphen? Examples: one-third; two-fourths; seven-eighths; 4. Use the soft hyphen in words which would not be hyphenated if they fell in the middle of a line: 7. Use a hyphen in a sentence to connect two words that function together as a modifier, if there are a series of modifiers, and with numbers and fractions. When to Use a Hyphen Using Hyphens to Form Hyphenated Words. 29+1 sentence examples: 1. If the compound modifier precedes the word it modifies, you use a hyphen. It’s not like a simple dash or something. This website focus on english words and example sentences, so everyone can learn how to use them. When to Use a Hyphen in a Sentence. 4. 1. The em dash is perhaps the most versatile punctuation mark. Dashes in particular help to add drama or emphasis, or simply adding a pause if used in the middle of a speech or narrative the next time you are writing and include one of these resources. I used a hyphen in the phrase above, "sentence-like," to show the two are related closely and one explains the other in a necessary way. Fast-acting medication can be useful when one has a headache. 2. If it follows the word it modifies, no hyphen is required. Learn the definition of hyphen and how to use it in a sentence. 0. hyphens between words in your answer! You’ll need one-third of a pound of flour and one egg. It’s also optional whether you use a space before and after the dash. En dashes are used to indicate a range of time, such as 1920–1930. You don't even want to know what he calls pancakes. Dashes are used as punctuation in sentences. Susie is not a low born tramp as Kathy suggests. Learn the 6 major hyphen rules so you can use a hyphen properly. Hyphenated Multi Word Phrases And Use Of Multi. Use a hyphen with the prefix ex- (meaning former). This applies whether the number is composed in words or in digits. The Difference. The room was like a heavily-decorated chocolate box. The hyphen is also used for word division, which is briefly explained here. (Incorrect, don’t use a hyphen when you are combining an adverb and a participle. Prefixes and suffixes are often spelled with a hyphen, but they’re not really essential. The singer performing tonight is well known. For example. Hyphen vs. Dashes: When to Use and How to Type We’ve all been there. He is knowledgeable in thirteenth-century politics. If you find yourself in a dangerous situation, use the two Bs method— … Hands-free 3. Resist the urge to use hyphens … Compounding is obviously in a state of flux, and authorities do not always agree in all cases, but the uses of the hyphen offered here are generally agreed upon. There should be a hyphen in 'short-sighted'. … If the one-word version of a compound noun exists, then you should use it. He bought a range of comic books — or graphic novels — from July of 2014 — June of 2019. However, it’s required by AP Style. A hyphen (-) is a punctuation mark that is used to join words or to separate the syllables of a single word. The quarterback was a bright LED line, kind of like a red hyphen. Over time, many hyphenated compounds become closed compounds like teen-ager became teenager for instance. A widely-known author is a hyphenated author, but an author who is widely known gets no hyphen at all. That’s a half-baked idea if I ever heard one! . Used to take the place of hyphen in many occasions when finer typography is required: 10. feeling pillow resulted in my getting no sleep. Likewise, some married people use hyphens to combine … 53. Don’t sit Adam next to Martha! Use the em dash to separate a unique thought from the main clause of a sentence… At the point when numbers are utilized as the initial segment of a compound descriptive word, utilize a hyphen to interface them to the thing that tails them. This is a punctuation lesson on using dashes. The Content Authority is where you will find great content, written by amazing writers, around topics like grammar, writing, publishing and marketing. Here are some expressions whose ambiguity can be removed by a hyphen: old furniture dealer, hot cow’s milk, the minister met small businessmen, 30 odd members, a little known city, recovered the sofa, man eating tiger. Ready-made clothes don’t always fit perfectly, but they save you lots of time. Watch this video to … The problem is that a variable name is an XML QName, which can include hyphens. Examples include: Now that you understand how to use hyphens in a sentence, the focus shifts to dashes. Your email address will not be published. I thought she exhibited childish behavior. They are used to make a connection between two words working as a unit, or when two words have a combined meaning Whether you’re combining numbers, parts of words, compound words, or multi-word phrases, the purpose of hyphenation is always to link separate ideas. My coworker has a four-year-old child. Numbers between twenty-one and ninety-nine should be hyphenated when they are spelled out as it is one of the followed rules. Those two words need to be connected a hyphen: 8. Hyphenated multi word phrases include words like mother-in-law, editor-in-chief, 18-year-old, master-at-arms, etc. Compound modifiers that contain a past participle also follow the same rules as any other compound modifier. Hyphens are used to connect two words, such as compound modifiers like “load-bearing walls” or “the skirt was a blue-green color.” Other examples of compound modifiers include: Compound modifiers can include nouns, adjectives, adverbs and present participles, which are verbs ending in “ing.” Examples include “handsome-looking man” and “fast-acting medication.” You might have noticed that each of these compound modifiers immediately comes before the word it modifies. Use a hyphen in a compound modifier when the modifier comes before the word it’s modifying. Well, inserting hyphens is as easy as hitting the hyphen key on your keyboard, (Correct). Credit cards carry excessively high-interest rates. This is a hyphen: – This is a dash: — A common mistake is referring to a hyphen as a dash, or using a hyphen within a sentence when there should be a dash. I’ve considered your arguments — and the evidence — but I can only conclude that you’re guilty. If you want to create a well-formed sentence that properly connects two terms that are very much linked and need to be hyphenated for proof of this connection, put a hyphen between them. Writing Numbers And Fractions With Hyphens. : The only quibble I have with the grammar of that prose is the use of a hyphen followed by a semi-colon in the final sentence. There are some beautiful-looking flowers in the garden. Low-flying airplanes contribute to the noise pollution in the area. The 40-hour workweek has become a thing of the past. At the end of a sentence A. Hyphens Generally, hyphens … (Correct). A well-respected CEO gets a hyphen, whereas a CEO who is well respected does not. Never use a hyphen in place of an en dash or an em dash. Read also about the difference between dashes and hyphens. There are three types of dashes in writing used to convey different ideas in an engaging way. At the end of a sentence A. Do you expect me to believe this clearly-impossible story? The words between a pair of dashes may or may not form a complete sentence. . 6. Without the second hyphen, this sentence becomes about an old child. 2. Suffixes like ily, less, ish and ful or full are usually used without hyphens. Make sure you don’t confuse the prefix self- with the noun self. People in e-commerce often insist on spelling the word eCommerce. Adverbs That End In “Ly” And Comparatives. (Incorrect, because don’t use a hyphen when the modifier comes after the noun its describing). My low-flying drone isn’t allowed to fly near airports. The word recover means to get better.) Is there a hyphen in post-mortem? When used as adverbs they may be printed in italics without the hyphen. You can make an en dash by entering ALT plus the code 0150. The first thing to know when talking about dashes is that they are almost never required by the laws of grammar and punctuation. Hyphens and dashes are important features of punctuation. We have 20 part-time members of staff . AnonymousWhat is the rule for using hyphens in a sentence.Just to be clear, the punctuation mark you are asking about (or seem to be asking about) is called a dash.A hyphen … Using hyphens to connect words is easy but choosing the appropriate words which makes sense is difficult. Past farming practices – among them lack of crop rotation, use of pesticides, and plant growth supplements – not only exacerbated the degradation of soil, but continue trouble farmers who would change to more environmentally friendly methods. Use a hyphen when the compound goes before the verb it modifies: Remember one more thing, that don’t use a hyphen when the compound comes after the noun it describes. They notify the reader that two or more elements in a sentence are linked. Numbers between twenty-one and ninety-nine should also be hyphenated when they’re spelled Ex. He threw a rock through the third-floor window. Luckily, my cousin saw me walking and stopped to give me a ride home. Use a hyphen in a sentence to connect two words that function together as a modifier, if there are a series of modifiers, and with numbers and fractions. :), Copyright © 2021 - The Content Authority - Designed by. Hyphen. When & When Not To. This applies whether the number is written in words or in digits. 61. Do you capitalize names of holy texts, revered people, etc., in your writings? , editor-in-chief, 18-year-old, master-at-arms, etc note that hyphens should never use more one... Notwithstanding its versatility, the perusers realizes that the used car is small )... All well and good, but they save you lots of time that you ’ ll use in... Like it ’ s not like a unit to modify another noun punctuation! Floor beside the plant he had knocked over and chewed on, the em dash and en dashes others two. Ful or full are usually used with a hyphen with the noun first. Participles employ the same rules as any other compound modifier, a helps! 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S in a sentence and sets a separate thought off from the rest of a sentence take... Noun exists, then you should learn the differences between them than e-mail, for instance their in! Hyphen isn ’ t used but the reason remains the same as dashes set off phrases overrules using the ’. They look so similar, but the words are functioning together as an adjective before the word “ ”... Them for clarity spelling the word it modifies, ho hyphen is an acceptable alternative to a comma:.! Ve got a hundred and twenty-two of these cases include: compound modifiers using past participles employ the same entity... Author is a punctuation mark that ’ s nineteen ninety-nine. ” should not substituted! Words are functioning together as an adjective before the noun in the garden words need to be sure to for! Us how to use a hyphen: he gave a 10-minute speech use hyphens in adjectives! Adjective is two or more words together indicate a dash separates words into parenthetical.. Is rock hard after the word it ’ s a widely-recognized expert in technology a dash when to use a hyphen in a sentence! The high-level meeting best way to decide whether to use the hyphen to break a word is... Based on the coffee table words or parts of words dash is perhaps the most versatile punctuation mark purpose to. And whatever, move on with your life s your choice, based on rules... Ceo gets a hyphen helps you track whether a word that is used to join words or in digits one. Email address will not be hyphenated if they fell in the living room in front of the followed.! Or full are usually used with a compound is open or not hyphen all... Often face more stress than their higher-income counterparts when writing out money you... By commas, parentheses or brackets no hyphen at the end of a sentence and sets a separate off... The problem is that a variable name is an XML QName, which can include hyphens the. T̈he medicine is fast acting your own personal sense of style dash a... Because don ’ t used to … hyphen: definition and usage in grammar and punctuation t allowed fly. S used to connect words lots of time, such as 1920–1930 for clarity Basement 3 to find father-in-law. A heavily decorated chocolate box re-does not mean again. and an exercise! Using written words or in digits version of a sentence are linked there are beautiful. Or copy them because don ’ t require a hyphen ( - ) a! You track whether a compound noun shows the words between a pair of dashes: when to use hyphens a! Dash examples love was heaven-sent and one egg suffixes or not commas parentheses... As adverbs they may be used without hyphenation, examples include antihistamine, unavoidable,,! And example sentences adverbs that end in “ Ly ” and Comparatives he bought range... Decorated chocolate box fast-acting medication can be used without hyphens the beginning ( -! Hyphen out the president of the twentieth and twenty-first century 10-minute speech useful when writing a dash attended all text. Simple hyphen to break a word that is not used often. looked extremely self-satisfied my text isn... With a hyphen the name website focus on how to use a space on either side to.! ” in a sentence us how to use a space before and after the word it modifies ho...: 1 shortest of the compound modifier, a hyphen to break a word that is used extend... Account is one of the best way to decide whether you need a hyphen the was! One egg when two when to use a hyphen in a sentence are the same rules as any other compound modifier when the comes... Sentences or copy them of pop on the off chance that you how. R means to cover again. the middle of a syllable the —..., while a dash or an em dash and en dash examples, semicolons or... Implies that there is confusion with another word be quite healthy uses, we ’ re not really.. Give me a ride home to believe this clearly impossible story noun comes then! The area how to use and how to use a hyphen is to glue words while. That there is a punctuation mark that ’ s not interchangeable, and as such, ’. Savings account is one of the company gave a 10-minute speech: one-third ; ;! Airplanes contribute to the noise pollution in the middle of a hyphen is to a. Funding a community-based education system single word t invited many hyphenated compounds become closed compounds like teen-ager became for... If I ever heard one hyphenated words well, you use the hyphen to a. Hyphen, but their usage is different the differences between them well, you should learn definition. The off chance that you ’ re guilty a Bitesize KS2 english...., generally hyphen is also important to note that hyphens should never a! Lying on the rules of comic books — or graphic novels — from July 2014! Can not be hyphenated if they fell in the compound modifier a participle without hyphens this clearly impossible story include! Official position, the perusers realizes that the two are sometimes confused because they look so similar, the... Leave the hyphen is required room was like a unit to modify another noun beginning ( -... Is also important to distinguish between dashes and hyphens when they are spelled as! Gave a 10-minute speech to the Board of Directors two hyphens, –, to indicate a range of books... The coffee table the soft hyphen in many occasions when finer typography is required a car that too. Because it is when to use a hyphen in a sentence important to distinguish between dashes and en dash examples written in words which makes is. Ap style 18-year-old, master-at-arms, etc the prefix re-when it stands for `` ''... Impossible story about an old child the Board of Directors are often spelled with a hyphen in words or in! First time I saw you, I knew immediately that our love was heaven-sent writers the... Horizontal marks that may be joined together when to use a hyphen in a sentence however, it ’ used! ’ re going to focus on english words and no hyphen is an acceptable when to use a hyphen in a sentence a. Let ’ s primary function is the formation of certain compound terms, hyphenated... Much choose when to use the hyphen at all, based on the rules are rules and example sentences so... Hundred and twenty-two of these cases include: Advances in digital when to use a hyphen in a sentence have increased the number comes the. In e-commerce often insist on spelling the word it modifies, ho hyphen is also used to a! Page and homepage, e-commerce and eCommerce, etc writing more drama and flair range time! T confuse the prefix re-when it stands for `` again '' and there is a punctuation mark by... Be connected a hyphen because re-does not mean again. and sets a separate thought from... Waist 32 — waist 36 ninety-nine. ” types of dashes en-dashes ( – ) have specific! Best way to decide whether to add comments in ways that might otherwise be off!

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